Winston Churchill’s realisation has greatly informed the Council of Europe’s work in the development of penal policy and its efforts to strike the right balance between sanction, treatment, reintegration and the protection of victims and society.
Over the past 40 years, the organisation has made recommendations, proposed binding and non-binding standards, presented treaties and protocols and developed case-law of the European Court of Human Rights related to cases of detention and imprisonment.
The Council of Europe's role in the advance of European prison policy is reinforced by the annual general reports of the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT).
Compendium of conventions, recommendations and resolutions relating to penitentiary questions
The prevention of torture and ill-treatment in Europe